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The way to Civilisation

Convicts to Bermuda
Page 5
From 1823 to 1850

The Dockyard at Bermuda Source Bermuda Travel

Convicts to Bermuda. Source of notes: Newspapers of Australia from 1820 to 1850

Introduction notes end with extract dated Monday 31 October 1825
Page 2 Extracts dated from Saturday 15 April 1826 to 1840
Page 3 Extracts dated from Monday 3 February 1840
Page 4 Extracts dated from Saturday 25 March 1843
Here - Page 5, Extracts dated from Saturday 22 April 1848

The Royal Naval Dockyard at Bermuda in 1848 go here for large image

The Dockyard at Bermuda in 1848

The labels are - Hulk "Tenedos", Naval Hospital, Stone quarry, Cockburn's Cut and Bridge, Batteries, Hulk "Medway', Hulk "Coromandel", Hulk "Dromedary", New Victualling stores building, Keep and Commissioner's House.
Scan of handcoloured, original section of a newspaper page dated 1848, showing a woodcut of the dockyard under construction on HMD Ireland Island Bermuda. The hill towards the left was levelled by quarrying. Illustrated London News, 29 July 1848.

Saturday 19 July 1845

The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston, Tas. : 1835 - 1880) Saturday 19 July 1845 COLONIES OF GREAT BRITAIN. From a parliamentary paper just published, it appears that the population of our colonial possessions in all parts of tbe globe (excepting[ India) amounted in 1842 to 4,674,335 souls (one fourth the population of Great Britain). The value of their imports into the United Kingdom was £10,495,019; and of their exports from the United Kingdom, £17,318,670. The declared value of the exports thereto of the produce and manufactures of Great Britain and Ireland was £8,070,717- The number of their ships entered inwards was 2,788, tonnage 860,729; the number cleared outwards, 3,077, tonnage 911,033. Of the declared value of our produce and manufactures exported to the colonies, the Canadas take £1,589,169; Jamaica, £1,161,146 ; Gibraltar, £937,719; Malta, £289,304; the Cape, £369,076; New South Wales, £598,645; and Van Diemen's Land, £268,730. Almost all our colonies are governed by a governor, council, and assembly, by acts of Parliament, and by orders in council. Honduras alone is governed by a superintendent and magistrates. For the information of young historical students, it may be interesting to state the manner in which some of these colonies came into our possession. The Canadas capitulated in 1759 and 1760, and were ceded by the French Government at the peace of Paris in 1763. Tbe other American colonies were originally fisheries and settlements, established soon after their discoverv in 147$ Antigua and Barbadoes, Montserrat, St. Nevis, St. Kitts, Tortola, Anguilla, the Bahamas, and Bermuda, are settlements made during tbe seventeenth century ; Dominica and Grenada were ceded by France in 1763 ; Jamaica captulated to the naval forces of Cromwell in 1655 ; St. Lucia capitulated in 1803 ; St. Vincent and Tobago were ceded by the French in 1763; Trinidad capitulated in' 1797; British Guiana in 1803; Honduras was obtained by the means of a treaty made in 1570; Gibraltar capitulated to Sir G. Rooke in August, 1704, Malta in 1800, tbe Cape in 1806, Ceylon in 1795, Mauritius in 1810; St. Helena was ceded by Holland in 1763; Hong Kong, by the Chinese treaty, in 1842; and the colonies of New South Wales, Australia, and New Zealand were settlements formed between the years 1787 and 1839 ; New South Wales was made a settlement in 1787 ; Van Diemen's Land in 1803; Western Australia 1829, and South Australia in 1834.

Thursday 11 September 1845

awkesbury Courier and Agricultural and General Advertiser (Windsor, NSW : 1844 - 1846) Thursday 11 September 1845 News from UK The expense of the hulks last year at Portsmouth, Chatham, Woolwich, at Bermuda and Gibraltar, was (according to a parliamentary paper issued on Saturday) £54,195, whilst thc earnings of the prisoners amounted to £62,195 On the 31st of December last the number of convicts was 3,160 of which 2,202 were in England, 1,339 in Bërmuda, and 313 in Gibraltar -The reports of the different chaplains are very 8atiéfactóry; Sunday Timesimes; May 8.

Wednesday 28 January 1846

South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Wednesday 28 January 1846
MORE EXILES FOR THE COLONIES. On the 28th August 1845 the second report of the inspectors of Millbank Prison, as presented to Parliament in pursuance of the Act 6 and 7 Victoria, e. 26, was printed. The prison is now used as a depot for prisoners, until they are transported or otherwise disposed of. Since the last report a large ward has been erected for boys who were too young to be sent to Pentoaville Prison, and too old for Parkhurst, and, when practical, they have the advantages of separate confinement; they are instructed in religious and moral duties, trained to industrious Habits, and taught trades calculated to render them useful servants in the colonies to which they are to be sent. It seems that, of 242 boys who have been placed in the juvenile ward during the eight months which have elapsed since its commencement, but three have received corporeal punishment; a considerable number have never been reported for a single violation of the prison rules.! Matrons have been appointed to convict ships, and materials for works are now supplied to the female prisoners during the voyages. Last year 4140 prisoners were sent from the prison who had been sentenced to transportation. There were 3778 males and 362 females. Of this number 985 were sent to Norfolk Island, 2251 to Van Diemen's Land, 150 to Bermuda, 102 to the Invalid Hulk at Woolwich, 239 to Pentonville Prison, 361 to Parkhurst Prison, and the females (362) to Van Diemen's Land. The inspectors report that the prisoners in Millbank Prison generally have enjoyed good health; the mortality among them has been small, and the number of sick at no time in the year considerable.

Thursday 18 June 1846

Launceston Advertiser (Tas. : 1829 - 1846) Thursday 18 June 1846 Convicts for Bermuda.— One hundred convicts were taken down the river yesterday, in the Witeh steam-packet, from Milbank Penitentiary, and put on board the Warrior convict hulk, opposite Woolwich dockyard, until tbe Barretto Junior is ready for their reception. The Ariel Woolwich Steam-packet took down one hundred convicts on tbe same day, and they were also put on board tbe Warrior with the others, being for tbe same destination.— Globe.

Saturday 5 February 1848

Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Saturday 5 February 1848 Colonial Appointment.-We understand that on the formation of tlhe new poor-law commission, Sir Edmund W. Head, one of the present commnissioners, will succeed Sir W. Colebrook as governor of the province of New Brunswick, in North America. Globe. Militaray.-The conditions offered by the colonial-office to discharged sergeants on the pension list who may be selected to serve as convict guards at Bermuda, in addition to their pensions are - pay, £40 per annum, without rations or lodgings, except the usual quarters on board the convict hulks for the man himself. Free passage to Bermuda of themselves and families, and conveyance to the port of embarkation, which will be most likely Devenport. Rations for themselves and families during the voyage. Liable to dismissal for misconduct.

Saturday 22 April 1848

Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Saturday 22 April 1848 Miscellaneous. The Mount Stewart Elphinstone, Holton, and the John Calvin, Divison, were to leave London on the 27th December. The Bangalore was to leave for Bermuda and Hobart Town on the same day. The Aden was to leave on the 20th January. The Lydford was to sail for Launceston on the 31st December.

Wednesday 24 May 1848

Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Wednesday 24 May 1848 Sir G. Grey said the subject was one which had engaged the attention of government. No doubt, since the suspension of transportation to Van Diemen's Land in 1846, considerable difficulties had arisen in satisfactorily disposing of prisoners sentenced to be transported, and in order to dispense with a point of law, a considerable increase had been made in the number of this class of convicts employed under the admiralty and ordnance departments in the dock-yards and arsenals of Woolwich and Portsmouth. Both those departments had been anxious, in consequence of the great demand for labor at those establishments, to give employment, to the convicts and to make regulations to improve their discipline and increase the efficiency of their labors.
Wednesday, May 24, 1848. LONDON AGENCY.
IN the present crisis of colonial affairs the value of an agent resident in London will be rendered apparent. It is because we have reposed confidence in ministerial promises that they have remained unfulfilled. Can any one believe that the pledges to grant free institutions, given fourteen years ago, would have been unredeemed at the present moment, if the colonists had maintained an agency in the metropolis 1 How soon do the claims and circumstances of a remote island pass from the recollection of public men! A few months only have elapsed, and the solemn language of Lord John Russell's cabinet has been forgotten. Transportation has been revived to Van Diemen's Land, and resuscitated in a more objectionable form than ever. Many supposed the battle had been fought, and that victory was certain; but it now appears that the contest must be renewed and prosecuted with increased vigor. Mr. Jackson has not been idle, and it will be observed he has obtained an able and indefatigable coadjutor in Mr. Ewart. We subjoin the three letters last received from the agent: London, December 16, 1847.


London, December 18, 1847.

-On the 2nd instant, Sir George Grey, in the course of a reply to a question by Sir J. Pakington, in the House of Commons, observed that "arrangemnents were in progress for removing to Van Diemnen's Land, with tickets-of-leave, prisoners who had completed a portion of their sentences, in pursuance of a plan he had stated to the house (luring the last session of parliament ; and he believed that within a very short time 500 convicts would he sent out to Bermuda, to replace the same number who would be conveyed to Van Diemen's Land." You may remember in May last, that in reference to a report that 200 convicts under sentence of transportation were to be conveyed to Hobart Town, I was informed by the colonial office that these men were of the class of "exiles", and were proceeding to Port Plillip. It occurred to me that the final destination of these 500 "ticket-of-leave hollers" would also be Port Phillip; still tIle fornmal statement of the Home Secretary to tile above elTect, if correctly reported, rendered it desirable to ascertain how the facts really stood.
Accordingly I requested Mr. Ewart to call the home Secretary's attention agin to the subject; and Mr. Swart was so good as to inquire on Monday last, if the 500 convicts had been sent out" with a view to their permanent residence in Van Diemen's Land, or in transit to an ulterior destination P" The Xlorninbi Chronicle reports Sir George Grey to have replied " that persons with conditional pardons were to be sent to Port Phillip, and those with tickets-of-leave to Van Diemen's Laed." I met Mr. Ewart by appointment this morning on the subject ; when he observed that Sir George Grey's reply was not very distinct, though lie asked him to repeat it, and lihe determined, before taking any further steps, to inquire of Mr. HIawes, if the colonial department contemplated sending out additional convicts to Van Diemnlen's Land, there to remain. The reply to this will determine what further steps should be taken in the matter. I addressed a communication on the 15th inst., on this subject, to the Morning Chronicle, which I find inserted in that journal of to-day, and to which I beg to refer you.-I am, Gentlemen, very faithfully yours,
J. A. JACKSON. Richard Dry, Esq., Henry Dowling, Esq., Secretaries Agency Association, Van Diemen's Land. London, December 20, 1847.
To the Editor of the Morning Chronicle.
Sit-It may perhaps have escaped your notice, that in the house of commons, on Thursday, the 2nd instant, Sir George Grey, in the course of a reply to a question by Sir J. Packington, remarked that " arrangements were in progress for removing to Van Diemen's Land, with tickets-of-leave, prisoners who had completed a portion of their sentences, in pursuance of the plan hie had stated to the house during the last session of parliament; and lie believed that within a very short period 500 convicts would be sent out to Bermuda, to replace the same number who would be conveyed to Van Diemen's Land.
On Monday last Mr. Ewart, in further reference to this subject, inquired if these 500 convicts had been sent out " with a view to their permanent residence in Van Diemen's Land, or in transit to an ulterior destinationP" And Sir George Grey replied (I here quote from the report in your columns) " that persons with conditional pardons were to be sent to Port Phillip, and those with tickets-of-leave to Van Diemen's Land." In other words, those who were still convicts were to be sent to Van Diemen's Land, already deluged with crime and convictism ; but the pardoned, that is, presumptively, the best conducted and reformed, were to be sent to Port Phillip, there to be dispersed, and in some measure lost, among the large and rapidly increasing free population of that colony.

Saturday 15 July 1848

Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899) Saturday 15 July 1848 Hobart Town.
July 11. — Sailed the schooner lsabella, 99 tons, Bowden, for Port Phillip, with timber. July 14. — Arrived the schooner Scotia, 112 tons, Ogilvie, from Port Phillip, with sheep, &c. 14. — Arrived the barque Bangalore, 876 tons, from Bermuda 11th April last, with 202 male convicts. Passengers — Dr. Morris, R.N., Surgeon Superintendent, Lieutenant D'Oyley and Ensign Hague, 11th regiment, 49 rank and file 11th, 96th, and 99th regiments, 4 women, and 4 children.

Wednesday 19 July 1848

The Courier (Hobart, Tas. : 1840 - 1859) Wednesday 19 July 1848 THE " BANGALORE." — This convict ship, Harvey, Morris, Esq., Surgeon-Superintendent, J. A. Martyn, master, arrived here on Friday last, bringing upwards of two hundred prisoners from Bermuda, who are to receive tickets-of-leave, not conditional pardons. These men, it is stated, have been selected by the Governor of Bermuda not only for their good behaviour during their detention at that island, but also for their mechanical acquirements. Favourable reports are said to have been forwarded to the Convict Department respecting their behaviour during the voyage. Lieutenants D'Oyley and Hague, of the 11th regiment, also arrived in this vessel, having command of small detachments on the way to join their respective regiments in these colonies. The Bangalore experienced a rather rough but good passage. A soldier of the 11th regiment and one prisoner died on the voyage.
THE EXILES or ticket-of-leave men just arrived from Bermuda are reported, upon very good authority, to have brought upwards of a thousand pounds' worth of cash amongst them, the amount received by them as wages earned in that island. They are waiting engagement on board the vessel ; but, after to-day, can only be obtained from the New Town Depot. Orders to go on board can be procured on application to the Comptroller-General. There are 93 farm labourers and 8 domestic servants; amongst them, 2 grooms, six carpenters, and 7 miners.

Friday 9 November 1849

Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857) Friday 9 November 1849
IMPORTANT FROM THE CAPE. By the brig Jack, arrived this morning, we have Cape news to the 26th September. The Neptune, with Mitchell and 281 other prisoners, from Bermuda, arrived ot Simon's Bay on the 19th, hut the inhabitants were so strong in their feeling of opposition to the landing of the prisoners on their shores, that they shut up not only their provision stores, but every shop in town, so that the four vessels of war lying there were ohliged to supply the Neptune with fresh provisions ; but becoming short of stores themselves, it was reported that some of their men had gone ashore, broke into a store, and took away a quantity of flour and fresh provisions. The inhabitants were firm in their resolve not to permit the landing of the prisoners, so much so that some boatmen who plied to the Neptune were refused provisions from the town, and were necessitated to fish for the support of themselves »nd families. The inhabitants bad pledged themselves to " drop connection with any person who may assist in supporting convicted felons;" and because the Commodore had determined to furnish the convict ship with provisions, although only from motives of humanity, it had been resolved not to supply the naval department with any stores or provisions so long as she remained in the harbour. The Municipal Board addressed a letter to the Governor, stating in plain terms, that " the people have determined that the convicts must not, cannot, and shall not be landed, or kept in any of the ports of this colony," and declaring" that His Excellency would be responsible for any consequences that might ensue." At the time of the Jack's leaving it was understood at Gape Town that the men-of-wir, would leave Simon's Bay, and that the Neptune would bring the prisoners here. The Jack helongs to the Cape, but will call at Sydney before her return.. There is no later English news by way of the Cape.

Saturday 10 November 1849

The Courier (Hobart, Tas. : 1840 - 1859) Saturday 10 November 1849 At Bermuda, a tragical affair took place on board the Medway, Convict hulk at Ireland Island, which resulted in the death of three of the prisoners and the wounding of eleven others. It appears that on the 3rd instant, one of the convicts was ordered to be flogged for mutiny, and early on the morning of that day was brought up for the purpose. As usual on such occasions, the other prisoners were ordered on deck to witness the punishment, When the man was tied up, a sudden shout, an opening of knives, and a rush to the after part of the vessel proclaimed the mutinous intentions of the body of convicts ; but the guards of the ship being placed along the deck in sections of five, under the command of Mr. Black, the Inspector, were instantly ordered to line in sections. The command was promptly obeyed, and with such precision of fire, that 14 out of the bullets discharged took effect, killing and wounding II, some of the latter so dangerously that 2 were not expected to survive. The noise of the firing on board was heard by a miliary post of the 42nd Regiment, a detahment of which hastened on board, when order was quickly restored, and the slogging completed.
An inquest has been held upon the bodies of those killed, and a verdict of "justifiable homicide" returned. The convicts on board the Medway are all Irishmen and Roman Catholics, many of them the dupes of John Mitchell. The movement was headed by a man named John Cronian, brother to the man whose flogging waa to take place, but he had been informed by the Inspector that his presence to witness the punishment of his relative would be excused, but he insisted upon coming on deck, and excited the prisoners by loud cries to gain the mastery of the ship. Mr. Black is stated to bave exhibited great command on this trying occasion.

Came on the Neptune, 1850

A wriiter is looking for help in finding her convict William REASON, who was convicted in Lichfield City 16 Oct 1843 for 7 years and sent to Bermuda to serve his term. The only information she has is a letter in his convict file that mentions that Canadian convicts were sent to Bermuda to serve their terms and then returned to British colonies to receive their pardons.
On being refused permission to land at the Cape of Good Hope the "Neptune" (2) sailed on to Van Diemens Land (Tasmania) and were given their conditional pardons on Tuesday April 16 1850, with no records being held for them in the convict department of Tasmania.


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